| Dentures | Partials
| Implants | Root
Canal Treatment | Bridges
Cosmetic Dentistry | Whitening
| Veneers | Lumineers
Crowns are full coverage restorations used to cover a tooth
that is likely to break, already broken, or too broken down
to be restored with a filling. They are most commonly done
after root canal treatment or when a large filling wears out.
The more tooth structure that is missing due to decay, the
greater the chances a crown will be needed to keep the tooth
from further breakage. In the mouth, teeth are subjected to
great chewing forces. A crown fits over a weakened tooth,
providing strength and protection against fractures.
It takes two appointments to restore a tooth with a crown.
In the first appointment decay is removed and the tooth is
shaped to accept the crown. An impression of the tooth is
made for use in fabricating the crown. During the two visits
(usually about two weeks), the crown is made, usually of high
strength porcelain over non-precious metal, all ceramic, or
gold. During this time a temporary crown is worn. At the second
visit, the temporary is removed, the new crown adjusted as
needed and then cemented in place.
Dentures are necessary to replace teeth that have become loose
or need extracting due to bone loss or severe decay. Our office
offers several types of dentures. Some patients prefer to
have a denture seated the same day as teeth are extracted.
Others will wait until gums have healed and bone shrinkage
mouth exam is recommended to determine which teeth can be
saved and which teeth will be extracted. Impressions of the
mouth are made and sent to the dental laboratory. The process
takes several weeks to complete. During this time, the patient
will return to our office to try in the preliminary dentures,
making sure the fit and bite are correct and to approve the
shade and shape of the teeth. After the dentures are seated,
some adjustments may be needed, as the patient gets used to
partial denture is a removable appliance which replaces missing
teeth and attaches to the existing teeth in the mouth. A full-mouth
exam is required to determine the condition of the existing
teeth. We offer three types of partials: metal, flexible acrylic
(Valplast), and regular acrylic. The dental laboratory fabricates
the partials after impressions are made and sent.
dental implant is an option to replace a missing tooth or
teeth. A small titanium shaft is surgically implanted into
the bone and allowed to heal. The bone grows around it, forming
a tight connection. Once the implant is firmly incorporated
into the mouth, a replacement tooth is attached onto the top
of the implant. Some advantages of implants are: the period
of time adjusting to implants is short; bone loss is stopped
once the periodontally involved teeth are removed and implants
placed ; there is little discomfort or difficulty eating;
they stay in place permanently.
who are candidates for dental implants are normally referred
to an oral surgeon for placement of the implant. They then
return to our office to have the permanent crown placed.
canal treatment , or endodontic therapy, is necessary when
decay advances into the pulp (nerve) of a tooth. Sometimes
trauma to a tooth may cause the nerve to be damaged. The pulp
becomes infected and the infection may extend through the
root tip and damage the surrounding bone. This is commonly
referred to as an abcess. Symptoms of an abcess include pain,
sensitivitiy to hot/cold or sweets , swelling, pain on biting,
and a bad taste in the mouth. A root canal is performed to
clean out the pulp of the infected tooth. Once the infection
is resolved, the canals of the tooth are filled in to prevent
further infection. Usually a crown is recommended to restore
a tooth following root canal therapy.
A bridge serves as an option to fill the space created
by a missing tooth. The sides of a bridge use the two surrounding
teeth for support, and the bridge replaces the tooth, both
functionally and cosmetically. Materials used in making the
bridge include gold alloys, porcelain fused to metal alloy,
or all ceramic material. The choice of material depends on
the individual case and the requirements for strength, wear,
important that a missing tooth be replaced for several reasons.
If not corrected, the teeth adjacent to the space may shift
inward. Upper teeth May drift down into the space also. This
shifting can affect the bite, creating problems with the jaw,
including TMJ disorder. Also, as the teeth shift, it becomes
harder to keep them clean, increasing the Incidence of gum
Cosmetic dentistry involves correcting imperfections in
the appearance of the teeth. Color of the teeth, size, alignment,
shape, spacing, and positioning can all be enhanced through
a number of modern techniques.
The procedure of making teeth whiter can be achieved by
chairside whitening, or take-home whitening trays. The Sapphire
whitening kits we use are safe and effective. In the office,
the procedure begins with a simple preparation To isolate
the gums and lips. The Sapphire whitening gel Is then applied
and then activated by a ultraviolet curing light. After the
procedure, fluoride is often applied to decrease sensitivity.
Usually, several shades of whitening are achieved, although
results vary from person to person. Whitening can also continue
for several days following the procedure.
kit with trays and gel are included for maximum whitening
take-home whitening system, custom whitening trays are made
in our office from impressions. A carbamide peroxide gel is
to be placed in the trays. Trays are recommended to be worn
about 3 hours, or overnight, for 3 4 weeks of consistent
use. The tray method is recommended in cases of badly stained
teeth. The trays should be kept and whitening touch-ups done
every few months.
A veneer is a covering over the outside of the tooth,
usually the part of the tooth visible when talking or smiling.
They may be recommended for teeth that have large fillings
or thin structure.
can be done directly or indirectly. The direct method involves
placing composite resin on the outside of the tooth using
bonding. For the indirect technique, two appointments are
necessary since the veneers are fabricated by the dental lab.
At the first appointment, the tooth is prepared, impressions
taken, and a temporary covering placed. After several weeks,
when the veneers arrive, the temporaries are removed and they
are bonded to the teeth. Laboratory veneers are made using
porcelain or pressed ceramic and are very esthetic.
are ultra-thin porcelain coverings made to cover the teeth.
They are designed to make teeth whiter and uniform in shape.
With the proper fit and shade, lumineers can drastically transform
a persons smile, and they are made to last up to 20
years. A consultation and cleaning is recommended before proceeding
with the lumineer process. Two visits are necessary. On the
first, impressions are made, and a shade chosen. Very little
prep work is done on the teeth, and temporaries are not required.
After the lumineers are shipped from the laboratory, they
are painlessly applied to the teeth in a simple process. There
is usually no post-treatment pain or sensitivity.