Crowns | Dentures | Partials | Implants | Root Canal Treatment | Bridges
Cosmetic Dentistry | Whitening | Veneers | Lumineers


Crowns are full coverage restorations used to cover a tooth that is likely to break, already broken, or too broken down to be restored with a filling. They are most commonly done after root canal treatment or when a large filling wears out. The more tooth structure that is missing due to decay, the greater the chances a crown will be needed to keep the tooth from further breakage. In the mouth, teeth are subjected to great chewing forces. A crown fits over a weakened tooth, providing strength and protection against fractures.

It takes two appointments to restore a tooth with a crown. In the first appointment decay is removed and the tooth is shaped to accept the crown. An impression of the tooth is made for use in fabricating the crown. During the two visits (usually about two weeks), the crown is made, usually of high strength porcelain over non-precious metal, all ceramic, or gold. During this time a temporary crown is worn. At the second visit, the temporary is removed, the new crown adjusted as needed and then cemented in place.


Dentures are necessary to replace teeth that have become loose or need extracting due to bone loss or severe decay. Our office offers several types of dentures. Some patients prefer to have a denture seated the same day as teeth are extracted. Others will wait until gums have healed and bone shrinkage has slowed.

A full- mouth exam is recommended to determine which teeth can be saved and which teeth will be extracted. Impressions of the mouth are made and sent to the dental laboratory. The process takes several weeks to complete. During this time, the patient will return to our office to try in the preliminary dentures, making sure the fit and bite are correct and to approve the shade and shape of the teeth. After the dentures are seated, some adjustments may be needed, as the patient gets used to wearing them.


A partial denture is a removable appliance which replaces missing teeth and attaches to the existing teeth in the mouth. A full-mouth exam is required to determine the condition of the existing teeth. We offer three types of partials: metal, flexible acrylic (Valplast), and regular acrylic. The dental laboratory fabricates the partials after impressions are made and sent.


A dental implant is an option to replace a missing tooth or teeth. A small titanium shaft is surgically implanted into the bone and allowed to heal. The bone grows around it, forming a tight connection. Once the implant is firmly incorporated into the mouth, a replacement tooth is attached onto the top of the implant. Some advantages of implants are: the period of time adjusting to implants is short; bone loss is stopped once the periodontally involved teeth are removed and implants placed ; there is little discomfort or difficulty eating; they stay in place permanently.

Patients who are candidates for dental implants are normally referred to an oral surgeon for placement of the implant. They then return to our office to have the permanent crown placed.


Root canal treatment , or endodontic therapy, is necessary when decay advances into the pulp (nerve) of a tooth. Sometimes trauma to a tooth may cause the nerve to be damaged. The pulp becomes infected and the infection may extend through the root tip and damage the surrounding bone. This is commonly referred to as an abcess. Symptoms of an abcess include pain, sensitivitiy to hot/cold or sweets , swelling, pain on biting, and a bad taste in the mouth. A root canal is performed to clean out the pulp of the infected tooth. Once the infection is resolved, the canals of the tooth are filled in to prevent further infection. Usually a crown is recommended to restore a tooth following root canal therapy.


A bridge serves as an option to fill the space created by a missing tooth. The sides of a bridge use the two surrounding teeth for support, and the bridge replaces the tooth, both functionally and cosmetically. Materials used in making the bridge include gold alloys, porcelain fused to metal alloy, or all ceramic material. The choice of material depends on the individual case and the requirements for strength, wear, and esthetics.

It is important that a missing tooth be replaced for several reasons. If not corrected, the teeth adjacent to the space may shift inward. Upper teeth May drift down into the space also. This shifting can affect the bite, creating problems with the jaw, including TMJ disorder. Also, as the teeth shift, it becomes harder to keep them clean, increasing the Incidence of gum disease.


Cosmetic dentistry involves correcting imperfections in the appearance of the teeth. Color of the teeth, size, alignment, shape, spacing, and positioning can all be enhanced through a number of modern techniques.


The procedure of making teeth whiter can be achieved by chairside whitening, or take-home whitening trays. The Sapphire whitening kits we use are safe and effective. In the office, the procedure begins with a simple preparation To isolate the gums and lips. The Sapphire whitening gel Is then applied and then activated by a ultraviolet curing light. After the procedure, fluoride is often applied to decrease sensitivity. Usually, several shades of whitening are achieved, although results vary from person to person. Whitening can also continue for several days following the procedure.

A take-home kit with trays and gel are included for maximum whitening and maintenance.

For the take-home whitening system, custom whitening trays are made in our office from impressions. A carbamide peroxide gel is to be placed in the trays. Trays are recommended to be worn about 3 hours, or overnight, for 3 – 4 weeks of consistent use. The tray method is recommended in cases of badly stained teeth. The trays should be kept and whitening touch-ups done every few months.


A veneer is a covering over the outside of the tooth, usually the part of the tooth visible when talking or smiling. They may be recommended for teeth that have large fillings or thin structure.

Veneers can be done directly or indirectly. The direct method involves placing composite resin on the outside of the tooth using bonding. For the indirect technique, two appointments are necessary since the veneers are fabricated by the dental lab. At the first appointment, the tooth is prepared, impressions taken, and a temporary covering placed. After several weeks, when the veneers arrive, the temporaries are removed and they are bonded to the teeth. Laboratory veneers are made using porcelain or pressed ceramic and are very esthetic.


Lumineers are ultra-thin porcelain coverings made to cover the teeth. They are designed to make teeth whiter and uniform in shape. With the proper fit and shade, lumineers can drastically transform a person’s smile, and they are made to last up to 20 years. A consultation and cleaning is recommended before proceeding with the lumineer process. Two visits are necessary. On the first, impressions are made, and a shade chosen. Very little prep work is done on the teeth, and temporaries are not required. After the lumineers are shipped from the laboratory, they are painlessly applied to the teeth in a simple process. There is usually no post-treatment pain or sensitivity.

Copyright © 2010 Blair Family Dentistry. All Rights Reserved.
site design